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Why Is Vermont Called the Green Mountain State?

Vermont's name is a tribute to its lush landscapes, derived from the French 'les Verts Monts,' meaning 'the Green Mountains.' This picturesque terrain is the state's heart, offering a verdant tapestry that changes with the seasons. Discover how these peaks define Vermont's identity and spirit. What secrets do these mountains hold for you to explore?
Lee Johnson
Lee Johnson

Vermont is widely known as the “Green Mountain State” for a couple of different reasons, but the biggest one usually has to do with the story of how the state came to be called “Vermont” in the first place. The land making up the northeastern state was explored and mapped by the French geographer Samuel de Champlain, who called the land “green mountain,” or “vert mont” in French. The state is home to the Green Mountain range, which is one of the northeast’s most significant topological formations; the name also recalls a group of young foot soldiers led by Ethan Allen who fought for independence against the British and were known as the “Green Mountain Boys” thanks in part to their rugged hideouts. Many scholars think that the first time Vermont was formally called the “Green Mountain State” was in a sermon given to a number of prominent patriots in the mid-1700s, but the name has become widely popular today. Although it has not formally been adopted by the state legislature as an “official” nickname, it is incorporated into many official state documents and is even printed on most modern license plates issued there.

Original Naming and Land Discovery

Woman holding a book
Woman holding a book

The state of Vermont is in the far northeastern corner of the United States, bordering the Canadian province of Quebec to the north, New York to the west, Massachusetts to the south, and New Hampshire to the east. It is home to a range of mountains known predominantly as the Green Mountains, thanks in large part to their lush foliage; from a distance, the rolling hills often appear to be covered in a carpet of grass or other soft green, though in most cases the color is owing to thick groupings of evergreen trees and shrubs.

These green mountains are unlike most of the mountains in Europe, which tend to be much taller and typically have a more rocky, barren terrain. When the French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the region in 1609, he recorded it on his maps and in his correspondence as “vert mond,” presumably in reference to the range; many of his papers note that he found the land and the topography to be quite extraordinary.

The Mountain Range Today

The Green Mountains are one of the best known natural landmarks in the northeastern US, and are a part of the larger Appalachian Mountain range. Vermont’s borders are situated almost entirely within this mountainous land, and by some estimates the state is over 75% woodland; logging and paper milling are some of the state’s top industries as a consequence. The highest point is Mount Mansfield, which rises 4,393 feet (1,339 m) above sea level. This peak, as well as much of the central Green Mountain range, is protected as a state park.

Green Mountain Boys

The range has long been a part of the state’s history. Vermont was one of the earliest colonies, and was the 14th state to join the newly formed United States. It has long been known for the independent and freedom-seeking character of its residents, and this perhaps originated with some of the original patriots here who helped the nation as a whole claim its independence from the British. Some of the best known of these are called the “Green Mountain Boys”; led by statesman Ethan Allen, these men camped and fought in the woods in order to secure their land. They are an often reviled and well-loved facet of Vermont history.

Use in a Popular Sermon

A clergyman by the name of Reverend Dr. Peters is widely recognized as having been the first to call Vermont the Green Mountain State during a public address in 1761. Peters is also believed to have been the first clergyman to ever visit the state, and while he was there, he gave an address on top of a mountain. While standing atop a large rock, he is said to have used the name Green Mountain State in front of several colonial leaders of the time. Most often the reference is remembered in connection to the state’s lush natural beauty.

Widespread Modern Use

The name quickly gained popularity as a nickname for Vermont, and has remained so throughout the subsequent years. It has appeared on a wide variety of Vermont paraphernalia. In fact, the nickname is so well established that it has adorned many Vermont license plate designs.

Embrace the spirit of Vermont's green mountains by adding a putting green at home to your own abode. With a home putting green, you can hone your golf skills amidst the lush surroundings, bringing the essence of the "Green Mountain State" right into your home, no matter where you live.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the origin of Vermont's name, "The Green Mountain State"?

The name "Vermont" is derived from the French words "vert mont," meaning "green mountain." This name was given by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain when he encountered the region's prominent and lush mountain ranges. The Green Mountains are a central and defining feature of the state's landscape, which led to the nickname "The Green Mountain State." This moniker reflects the state's verdant, mountainous terrain that remains a symbol of Vermont's natural beauty.

Are the Green Mountains the only reason Vermont is called "The Green Mountain State"?

While the Green Mountains are the primary reason for the nickname, Vermont's reputation as "The Green Mountain State" is also bolstered by its abundant forests, which cover about 75% of its land area, according to the Vermont Department of Forests, Parks, and Recreation. The state's commitment to environmental conservation and its picturesque, green landscapes throughout the seasons contribute to the appropriateness of the name.

How do the Green Mountains influence Vermont's culture and identity?

The Green Mountains have significantly shaped Vermont's culture and identity. They are not only a source of natural beauty but also provide recreational opportunities such as skiing, hiking, and camping, which are integral to the state's lifestyle and economy. The mountains have also inspired local arts, folklore, and the state's emphasis on environmental stewardship. Vermonters take pride in their mountainous heritage, which is evident in the state's flag and seal.

What role do the Green Mountains play in Vermont's economy?

The Green Mountains are central to Vermont's economy, particularly in the tourism sector. They attract millions of visitors annually for outdoor activities like skiing, snowboarding, hiking, and leaf-peeping during the fall foliage season. According to the Vermont Ski Areas Association, the ski industry alone contributes an estimated $900 million to the state's economy each year. Additionally, the mountains support agriculture and forestry, which are traditional economic pillars of Vermont.

How does Vermont preserve its green mountains and natural landscapes?

Vermont actively preserves its green mountains and natural landscapes through a combination of state regulations, land trusts, and conservation groups. The state has implemented strict land-use laws, such as Act 250, to control development and maintain the ecological integrity of its natural resources. Organizations like the Vermont Land Trust work to protect and conserve land for future generations, ensuring that the state's nickname, "The Green Mountain State," remains fitting for years to come.

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Discussion Comments


@talentryto- I have relatives in Vermont so I have actually visited the Green Mountains many times, and the area offers a lot of great things to do and see. The towns surrounding the mountains are full of historical attractions, and the mountains offer great lodging, hiking, and skiing along with awesome views. The dining options are also fabulous and offer something for everyone.

I think that the best way to start planning a trip to this attraction in Vermont is the visit the Green Mountain website. There you will find everything you need to learn about the region and get started on your trip itinerary.


I love to visit different mountainous areas throughout the country because I love the outdoors. Hiking, mountain bike riding, and sitting back and enjoying beautiful views are some of my favorite things to do when I visit the mountains.

Though I've traveled to different states around the country to visit various mountain ranges, I have never been to the Green Mountains of Vermont. This article has peaked my interest, because I also love the history of that region of the country. Will I find a great deal of hiking, lodging, and historical attractions if I go to the Green Mountains? What's a good way to start planning my trip?

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