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Why Is Kentucky Called the Bluegrass State?

Kentucky is dubbed the Bluegrass State due to the lush, fertile soil that supports the growth of bluegrass, a species that thrives in its pastures. This grass, with its bluish-purple buds, paints the rolling hills in vibrant hues, symbolizing the state's natural beauty and agricultural heritage. Discover how this iconic landscape has shaped Kentucky's identity and culture. What secrets does the bluegrass hold?
Bonnie Doss-Knight
Bonnie Doss-Knight

Kentucky’s official nickname is “the Bluegrass State” because of how prolific the type of grass known colloquially as “bluegrass” is throughout most of the state’s lands. Bluegrass is a specific type of grass belonging to the scientific genus Poa, and it gets its name from the bluish-purplish tint the stalks take on when they go to seed. A genre of music from the region also carries the name, and the northernmost region of the state, where the grass is perhaps most prolific, is commonly known as the “bluegrass region”; though significant, neither of these is the reasoning behind the nickname, though. Fields of waving blue in the distance are often a point of pride for residents, and the association has become tightly bound with the state generally. The legislature approved it as an “official” nickname in the 1960s, and since the late 1970s it’s been printed on most Kentucky license places and tourism materials as a matter of course.

State Nicknames Generally

Kentucky became known as the Bluegrass State because of its bluegrass pastures.
Kentucky became known as the Bluegrass State because of its bluegrass pastures.

Most states have a couple of different nicknames, some of which are more popular at certain points of history than others. Many of these are informal, but nicknames that are “official” — like Bluegrass State in Kentucky — usually carry a bit more weight. Most of the time they must be approved by the state’s legislature, often by way of a vote. The biggest difference between official and unofficial nicknames is how they’re used, mostly when it comes to marketing materials and information published formally by the state.

Kentucky bluegrass is still often used in horse pastures.
Kentucky bluegrass is still often used in horse pastures.

Different legislatures have different criteria when it comes to what makes a nickname worthy of approving, but in general they look for something that’s timeless and permanent, and is likely to hold relevance for a long time. In Kentucky, the choice of a natural phenomenon that holds a place in the imagination of most residents and is associated with the region broadly on a national and international scale seemed a likely choice.

Plant Basics

Bluegrass is native to Europe and Asia, and came to the U.S. with some of the earliest settlers. It generally took well to the new soil, perhaps because of how hardy and weather-resistant it is. By most accounts it’s grown more today in Kentucky than in most other parts of the United States, but it wasn’t always this way; settlers brought it to the region from elsewhere, though it quickly took off.

This type of grass grows especially well in Kentucky's limestone soil, and the Bluegrass State's pastures feed many of the thoroughbred racehorses that are raised in the area. Some people are surprised to learn that blades of bluegrass are not actually blue, they're green like most other grasses. Its name comes from its purple-blue buds that provide fields of bluegrass with a bluish tint in the spring. When the grass is trimmed or mowed down and not allowed to go to seed, this effect may never be seen; as such, many people in the area may actually be growing bluegrass without even realizing it.

As a Musical Style

Bluegrass music is an acoustical genre that is derived from traditional Scottish, Irish and English music. In bluegrass bands, musicians playing instruments such as the guitar, banjo, fiddle, base and Appalachian dulcimer take turns improvising on the melody while the other musicians provide backing and rhythm. The commercial pioneer of this type of music was Bill Monroe, who hailed from the Bluegrass State. His band, known as Bill Monroe & His Blue Grass Boys, was popular for several decades starting in the 1930s. This style of music continues to be celebrated at annual festivals throughout Kentucky.

State Divisions and Regions

Kentucky is usually divided into five regions for geographical and agricultural purposes. The northernmost region is known as the Bluegrass Region, and it is further divided into two parts, called the Inner Bluegrass and the Outer Bluegrass. The Outer Bluegrass consists mainly of steep hills and is not conducive for horse farms. Hundreds of thoroughbred horse farms are located within the Inner Bluegrass, however, and the region is widely known within the horseracing community.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the origin of the name "Bluegrass State" for Kentucky?

The name "Bluegrass State" originates from the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. This grass, which is actually green, blooms in the spring with bluish-purple buds that give it a blue hue from a distance. Kentucky's lush bluegrass regions became a signature feature of the state, leading to its popular nickname.

How does the bluegrass in Kentucky contribute to its reputation?

Bluegrass in Kentucky is not just a plant; it's a symbol of the state's rich agricultural heritage. The fertile soil of the Bluegrass region supports the growth of this grass, which in turn sustains the thoroughbred horse industry for which Kentucky is world-renowned. The quality of the pastures is believed to contribute to the health and strength of the horses raised there, enhancing Kentucky's reputation in horse breeding and racing.

Is bluegrass unique to Kentucky?

While bluegrass is not unique to Kentucky and can be found in various parts of the United States, the particular conditions in Kentucky's Bluegrass region are especially conducive to its growth. The combination of natural limestone, fertile soil, and moderate climate makes the bluegrass in Kentucky thrive, creating the iconic rolling pastures that are a hallmark of the state's landscape.

What role does bluegrass play in Kentucky's culture and economy?

Bluegrass plays a significant role in Kentucky's culture and economy. Culturally, it has inspired the name of the world-famous Bluegrass music genre, which originated in the state. Economically, the bluegrass pastures are a cornerstone of Kentucky's agricultural sector, particularly for the equine industry. The state's reputation for premium horse breeding contributes substantially to its economy, with the Kentucky Derby alone drawing significant tourism and revenue.

Are there any festivals or events in Kentucky that celebrate bluegrass?

Yes, Kentucky celebrates its bluegrass heritage with various festivals and events throughout the year. The Festival of the Bluegrass, held annually in Lexington, is one of the oldest bluegrass festivals in the state. Additionally, the World's Championship Horse Show and the Kentucky Derby showcase the state's equine culture, which is closely tied to the bluegrass pastures. These events attract visitors from around the globe, celebrating the state's unique heritage and natural resources.

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Discussion Comments


@talentryto- Though you can witness the beautiful color of the bluegrass fields and pastures of Kentucky any time of the year, I think that the colors are most vibrant throughout the months of spring and summer.

After the winter is over and the dormant spring grass wakes up, its beautiful hue is at its best. This color stays true throughout the summer, until the cool weather of autumn sets in and leads to winter. If you want to see the grass of Kentucky at its bluest, you should schedule your trip during the warm, sunny months of spring and summer in my opinion.


I've heard a lot about the fields and pastures in Kentucky that have the appearance of being blue in color. I am planning a visit to the state so I can experience the reason behind the state's nickname for myself. What is the best time of year to get the full effect of the bluegrass fields and pastures?

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    • Kentucky became known as the Bluegrass State because of its bluegrass pastures.
      By: Hauke-Chr. Dittrich
      Kentucky became known as the Bluegrass State because of its bluegrass pastures.
    • Kentucky bluegrass is still often used in horse pastures.
      By: Kseniya Abramova
      Kentucky bluegrass is still often used in horse pastures.