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What Is the State Tree of Oklahoma?

The state tree of Oklahoma is the resilient Eastern Redbud, a symbol of renewal and vitality with its vibrant pink blossoms heralding spring. This native beauty stands as a testament to the state's rich natural heritage. How does this tree reflect the spirit of Oklahoma, and what other secrets does it hold? Join us as we explore its roots.
Marlene Garcia
Marlene Garcia

The eastern redbud was officially adopted as the state tree of Oklahoma in 1937, and is valued for its bright, pinkish-red flowers that bloom at the first sign of spring. The small tree, known by its scientific name as Cercis canadensis, grows wild on slopes and valleys throughout the state. Eastern redbud serves as an ornamental tree or shrub to decorate residential landscape and line city streets.

Adoption of the state tree of Oklahoma sparked controversy. Just as the governor prepared to sign documents making redbud the state tree of Oklahoma, he received a telegram objecting to the action from the president of the national women’s club. She deemed redbud inappropriate, claiming it represented the tree used by Judas Iscariot to commit suicide by hanging after he betrayed Jesus Christ. The controversy led to national news reports and stalled naming a state tree of Oklahoma. It was eventually settled when an Israeli native living in Oklahoma City declared the eastern redbud different from the species found in the Mediterranean known as the Judas tree.

Jesus became part of the debate in the naming of Oklahoma's state tree.
Jesus became part of the debate in the naming of Oklahoma's state tree.

The state tree of Oklahoma also grows in parts of the eastern United States, including Texas and Kansas. It flourishes on a short trunk and produces flowers ranging from pale pink to reddish-purple. The blooms appear as early as March, when other plants remain dormant, sprouting from the trunk and spindly twigs before leaves develop. Honeybees, the state insect, cross-pollinate the tree after flowers emerge.

Most parts of the state tree of Oklahoma are edible. The flowers can be added to salads, pancake batter, or pickle relish to add a nutty taste. Seed pods, which are red to brown in color, develop in the fall and winter. They are similar in taste and texture to peas and best eaten before they dry out. Some cooks add butter to the seeds to enhance the flavor.

Native Americans used the root of the redbud to create decorative dye, while the bark served as a cure for diarrhea. The bark is smooth and grayish in young trees, but becomes scaly and rough in older trees. Brown or maroon patches often appear on the bark of older redbud trees.

The redbud grows well in most soil, including areas with limestone-rich dirt. Once a sapling is established, a long taproot takes hold. The state tree of Oklahoma might be found in forests under larger trees because it tolerates shade well. It is considered a hearty plant resistant to pests and disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the state tree of Oklahoma?

The state tree of Oklahoma is the Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis). This tree was designated as the official state tree in 1937 due to its widespread presence and the beauty it adds to the landscape, particularly in the spring when it blooms with vibrant pink flowers. The Eastern Redbud is native to the eastern United States, including Oklahoma, and is known for its heart-shaped leaves and distinctive blossoms.

When was the Eastern Redbud designated as Oklahoma's state tree?

The Eastern Redbud was officially designated as the state tree of Oklahoma in 1937. This decision was made to recognize the tree's significance to the state's natural beauty and its prevalence throughout Oklahoma's diverse regions. The redbud's springtime flowering has become a symbol of the state's renewal and growth.

Why was the Eastern Redbud chosen as the state tree of Oklahoma?

The Eastern Redbud was chosen as the state tree of Oklahoma for its ornamental beauty and its adaptability to the state's varied climates and soils. Its early spring blossoms provide a stunning display of color before many other trees have begun to leaf out. Additionally, the Eastern Redbud holds cultural significance and is valued by gardeners and landscapers for its aesthetic appeal and relatively small size, which makes it suitable for a variety of settings.

Where can the Eastern Redbud be found in Oklahoma?

The Eastern Redbud is widespread across Oklahoma and can be found in many settings, including forests, parks, and residential areas. It thrives in the state's temperate climate and is often planted as an ornamental tree in both urban and rural landscapes. The redbud's adaptability allows it to grow in various soil types, although it prefers moist, well-drained soils.

What are some distinguishing characteristics of the Eastern Redbud?

The Eastern Redbud is easily recognizable by its small stature, typically growing to a height of 20 to 30 feet. It is most notable for its striking pink to purple flowers that bloom in early spring, covering the branches before the leaves appear. The heart-shaped leaves emerge after the flowers, starting as a reddish color and transitioning to a dark green. In the fall, the leaves turn yellow, adding another layer of seasonal interest.

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Discussion Comments


@talentryto- I have actually transplanted eastern redbud trees from growing in the wild to my yard, and I have had some successes and failures. Since redbud trees can be delicate, you have to be very careful when you transplant them. There are definitely some tips you will need to follow if you are going to try this so that your efforts will be successful and your redbud trees will thrive.

First of all, don't be tempted to choose large redbud trees. Though very pretty, they have larger root systems that can be easily damaged. When it comes to smaller trees, you will be less likely to damage vital parts of the root system when you dig them out of the ground.

When you remove the redbud trees from the ground for transplanting, you will also want to make sure that you remove a lot of soil along with the roots. This will help to keep the roots in place.

Finally, you will need to place your new redbud trees in their new areas as soon as possible. If you wait longer than a few hours, the roots may dry up and die. Also, make sure that you water the ground thoroughly when you transplant them so they get a good start in their new homes.


Does anyone know if eastern redbud trees can be easily transplanted from a forest to a yard. I would like to plant some on my property, but I can't find them for sale in my area.

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    • Jesus became part of the debate in the naming of Oklahoma's state tree.
      By: GG Pro Photo
      Jesus became part of the debate in the naming of Oklahoma's state tree.