Each year, the United States celebrates their decision to declare independence from Great Britain on 4 July. Independence Day, more commonly known as the Fourth of July, is a day of picnics, parties and patriotic displays in celebration of the birth of the country. The momentous day of 1776 that established America as a new country is considered a main holiday of the year for Americans.
Until 1776, the United States was a collection of colonies and territories under the rule of several different nations. France, England, Spain and Denmark all had strongholds throughout the new world. The Northeastern seaboard of the Atlantic Ocean was largely controlled by the British, who divided the land into thirteen separate colonies of the British Empire.
After decades of British rule and being subject to British taxes, citizens of the colonies were growing eager for a new government. Unlike the monarchy in Britain, this new country would be ruled by elected officials and devote itself to the rights of the people. Powerful representatives of the colonies joined together in the Second Continental Congress, and drafted a document announcing their independence from Britain. At this point, the American Revolutionary War was well under way, and the resulting Declaration of Independence was really more of a formality as colonial forces were already fighting the British throughout the colonies.
The Fourth of July is a memorial to the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. The text of the document, which was largely composed by Thomas Jefferson, was agreed upon by the Congress on 4 July 1776, and sent to the printers to make a formal copy. It is sometimes referred to as a celebration of the signing of the document by the Congress members, but this did not take place until nearly a month later.
The Declaration of Independence is of tremendous importance to American history, as it outlines the reasons for their secession and outlines the famous American goals of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” The original document resides in the National Archives Rotunda in Washington, DC. The eloquence and earnest feeling of the wording and the results it brought leads many experts to call it one of the greatest statements in the history of modern civilization.
On the Fourth of July, Americans often celebrate by singing the National Anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner,” and watching displays of fireworks displays. While these shows are for entertainment, they are reminiscent of the bloody fight America had for its freedom and the chaos of the Revolutionary War. Many communities hold parades with patriotic displays, and people traditionally dress in red, white and blue to honor the colors of the American flag.
Although the Fourth of July is now more of a party than a memorial, it has great significance to many Americans. The opportunity to relax and enjoy company and entertainment are modern American luxuries in a world of 60-hour work weeks and unpaid vacations. The history of the Fourth of July is a chance to reflect on how far the nation has come since that hot day in 1776, when the founding fathers risked their lives and reputations on a dream for a new world. The enjoyment of picnics and fireworks were purchased with the Declaration of Independence, giving Americans a true and heartfelt reason to celebrate their nation’s birthday.